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18.11.2022 13:36
Lithuania is country of Europe located in east Europe Antworten

Official Name: Republic of Lithuania
Capital: Vilnius
Total area: 65 300 km2
GDP per capita: $21,615
Native Language: Lithuanian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Population: 2,955,986
Major Religion: Roman Catholicism
Monetary Unit: Euro (EUR)

Lithuania is the southernmost of the three Baltic States - and the largest and most populous of them. Lithuania was the first occupied Soviet republic to break away from the Soviet Union and restore its sovereignty with the March 11, 1990 declaration of independence.

The Lithuanian landscape is mostly flat, with some low hills in the western highlands and the eastern highlands. The highest point is Aukštasis at 294 meters. Lithuania has 758 rivers, more than 2,800 lakes and 99 km of Baltic Sea coast, mostly used for recreation and nature conservation. Forests cover just over 30% of the country.

About 84% of the population are ethnic Lithuanians. The two largest minorities are Poles with just over 6% of the population and Russians with just over 5%. The Lithuanian language belongs to the family of Indo-European languages.

The capital, Vilnius, is a picturesque city on the banks of the Neris and Vilnia rivers, and the architecture in the old part of the city is among the most beautiful in Eastern Europe. Founded in 1579, Vilnius University is a Renaissance-style complex with countless courtyards forming a city within a city.

The President of Lithuania is directly elected for a five-year term and is mainly involved in foreign and security policy. The Lithuanian unicameral parliament, the Seimas, has 141 members.

Perhaps Lithuania's most famous culinary export is cold beet soup. Potatoes are also regularly on the menu, popular dishes are potato pancakes and cepelinai - potato dumplings filled with meat, quark or mushrooms.

Health & Wellbeing
The 1992 Lithuanian Constitution guarantees social rights, including paid pre- and postnatal leave for working mothers, old-age and disability pensions, unemployment and sickness benefits, and free medical care.

Economy & Jobs
Oil exploration and refining, banking, railroad equipment, electrical machinery, household appliances, mining, iron, steel, chemical manufacturing, natural gas and power generation.

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